199.Citizens Advice informed us that the EU and Switzerland still needed to “create a common institutional framework”371 Ambassador Feeg stated that such a framework would “resolve the absolutely crucial issues of dispute resolution, the accession mechanism for the future achieved or the application of the market access agreement and the supervision of these specific agreements.”372, while “some cases may be raised”. in which, from the point of view of electricity policy, the exclusion of Switzerland simply makes no sense … The reality is that there is no room for manoeuvre, because electricity is linked to the institutional agreement. 373 197.Nevertheless, as BEIS has stated, “the terms of an electricity agreement between Switzerland and the EU continue to be negotiated, including those that will govern cross-border electricity trade, guarantee market access and join the main technical regulators within the EU.” 365 His Excellency Jean-Christophe Feeg, head of international energy affairs at the Federal Office of Energy, cited the example of Article 1.4 of the Capacity Allocation and Management Regulation (CACM), 366, which specifically targets Switzerland. It says that Switzerland will be excluded from this cross-border trade – this new mechanism called market coupling – until we adopt EU electricity legislation and until we have a bilateral agreement with the EU.367 EDF and UK Steel stressed that “the net result is a higher cost to consumers on both sides of the Swiss borders than if a more efficient cross-border market had taken place”. 368 “The European Union must be climate neutral.368 by 2050!” – the Green European Agreement aims to achieve this goal. The political basis for the 2050 target is a December 2019 declaration by heads of state and government that Europe must become the world`s first climate-neutral continent. Only the EU Member State, Poland, has expressed reservations about this: the opposition is not fundamental, but refers to the pace of decarbonisation; The question of whether Poland`s agreement can be reached will be demonstrated in the remaining negotiations. However, the real bone of contention is the institutional framework agreement. Specifically, the EU would guarantee Switzerland`s adoption of future EU legislation.
In the negotiations on the framework agreement, the EU is using the electricity agreement as leverage, as it is well aware that this agreement is far more important for Switzerland than it is for itself. For its part, Switzerland will remain a step away from major developments in the European electricity market in the absence of an electricity agreement. 204th EDF and UK Steel have agreed and have also found that the UK`s role as a transit country for electricity and gas … Everyone should have more clout in negotiations with the EU on future relations.380 This research project concludes that Switzerland has a strong interest in reaching an agreement with the EU on access to the electricity market. It may also be necessary to appease market-critical interest groups through accompanying measures. Most importantly, Switzerland is unlikely to be able to swallow the bitter pill of the framework agreement, according to the researchers. However, the closer the EU has come from a political and technical point of view, the more difficult it is for Switzerland to participate in the electricity market under particular conditions. Although the local electricity sector continues to be involved in the development of standards and Switzerland is implementing its own liberalisation measures in order to remain compatible with the EU for an electricity agreement, the country risks being excluded at the political level without progress.