Ahmed Hussen, speaking as Canada`s Minister of the IRCC, said the terms of the agreement on the security of third-country nationals are still being respected. The ruling Liberal Party of Canada has not indicated any plans or intentions to suspend the agreement.  CONSCIENTs that such a division of responsibilities must, in practice, ensure the identification of persons in need of international protection and avoid the possibility of indirect violations of the fundamental principle of non-refoulement, and is therefore determined to ensure access to a full and fair refugee determination procedure for any refugee claimant who is entitled to a refugee claim under his jurisdiction. Ensure that the protection of the Convention, Protocol and Convention on Torture is indeed granted; Under the agreement, refugee claimants must apply in the first country they arrive between the United States or Canada, unless they are entitled to a waiver. For example, asylum seekers who are citizens of a country other than the United States and who arrive from the United States at the land border between Canada and the United States can only assert their rights to refugees in Canada if they fulfill an exception under the Safe Third Country Agreement. To date, the United States is the only country to be designated by Canada as a safe third country under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. The agreement helps both governments better manage access to the refugee system in each country for people crossing the land border between Canada and the United States. The two countries signed the agreement on 5 December 2002 and came into force on 29 December 2004. The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) requires ongoing review of all countries designated as safe third countries. The purpose of the review procedure is to ensure that the conditions that led to deportation as a safe third country remain met. A safe third country is a country in which a person crossing that country could have applied for refugee protection. In Canada, section 102, paragraph 2 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act sets out the criteria for designating a country as a safe third country.
The Canadian Refugee Council strongly opposes this agreement because the United States is not a safe country for all refugees. The CCR also denounces the objective and impact of reducing the number of refugees who can seek refuge in Canada.